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About the Cabinet


Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka




In terms of the Constitution of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka


Prime Minister and the Cabinet of Ministers

01. There shall be a Cabinet of Ministers charged with the direction and control of the Government of the Republic. [Article 42(1)]

02. The Cabinet of Ministers shall be collectively responsible and answerable to Parliament. [Article 42(2)]

03. The President shall be a member of the Cabinet of Ministers and shall be the Head of the Cabinet of Ministers. [Article 42(3)]

04. The President shall appoint as Prime Minister the Member of Parliament, who, in the President’s opinion, is most likely to command the confidence of Parliament. [Article 42(4)]

Ministers and their subjects and functions

01. The President shall, in consultation with the Prime Minister, where he considers such consultation to be necessary, determine the number of Ministers of the Cabinet of Ministers and the Ministries and the assignment of subjects and functions to such Ministers.[Article 43(1)]

02. The President shall, on the advice of the Prime Minister, appoint from among Members of Parliament, Ministers, to be in charge of the Ministries so determined.[Article 43(2)]

03. The President may at any time change the assignment of subjects and functions and the composition of the Cabinet of Ministers. Such changes shall not affect the continuity of the Cabinet of Ministers and the continuity of its responsibility to Parliament. [Article 43(3)]

Ministers who are not members of the Cabinet of Ministers

01. The President may, on the advice of the Prime Minister, appoint from among Members of Parliament, Ministers who shall not be members of the Cabinet of Ministers.[Article 44(1)]

02. The President may, in consultation with the Prime Minister where he considers such consultation to be necessary, determine the assignment of subjects and functions to Ministers appointed under paragraph (1) of this Article and the Ministries, if any, which are to be in charge of, such Ministers. [Article 44(2)]

03. The President may at any time change any assignment made under paragraph (2).[Article 44(3)]

04. Every Minister appointed under paragraph (1) shall be responsible to the Cabinet of Ministers and to Parliament. [Article 44(4)]

05. Any Minister of the Cabinet of Ministers may, by Notification published in the Gazette, delegate to any Minister who is not a member of the Cabinet of Ministers, any power or duty pertaining to any subject or function assigned to such cabinet Minister, or any power or duty conferred or imposed on him by any written law, and it shall be lawful for such other Minister to exercise and perform any power or duty delegated notwithstanding anything to the contrary in the written law by which that power or duty is conferred or imposed on such Minister of the Cabinet of Ministers. [Article 44(5)]

Deputy Ministers

01. The President may, on the advice of the Prime Minister, appoint from among Members of Parliament, Deputy Ministers to assist Ministers of the Cabinet of Ministers in the performance of their duties. [Article 45(1)]

02. Any Minister of the Cabinet of Ministers may by Notification published in the Gazette, delegate to his Deputy Minister, any power or duty pertaining to any subject or function assigned to him or any power or duty conferred or imposed on him by any written law, and it shall be lawful for such Deputy Minister to exercise and perform any power or duty delegated notwithstanding anything to the contrary in the written law by which that power or duty is conferred or imposed on such Minister. [Article 45(2)]